Cool Stuff

Posted on October 30, 2013

For many centuries, bamboo has been revered throughout Asia for its uncommon resilience, flexibility and versatility. More recently, the west has adopted bamboo as a paragon of sustainability. In many ways this estimation is justified and undeniable, but of course claiming that bamboo is the perfect, zero-footprint solution would be going too far. Still, compared with any other industrially scaled cash crop, this mighty grass certainly appears to be a leader in its field.

 

Posted on April 04, 2014

A Shanghai company has 3D printed 10 small houses, 200 square metres, costing about $5000.

Posted on March 31, 2014

On March 13, 2014, Gerrard Olivotto, a consultant working for the BC government, visited  Sointula, BC to conduct a survey to measure people's reactions to photographs of wind turbines located in various locations and terrains. Mr. Olivotto explained that the information collected will be analyzed and published, and will form the cornerstone of government policy regarding the scale and location of wind energy developments in BC.

Posted on February 11, 2014

The premiere, independent resource for finding North America’s leading environmental papers is newly updated and ready to serve you better.  

With so many mills making ecopaper claims it’s essential that companies promoting sustainable brands choose and use ecopapers that have earned the Environmentally Superior designation from leading environmental organizations. 

Posted on October 17, 2012

Bats don't need pesticides or electricity to kill mosquitoes - they only need a nice place to live.

by J. Cates

Bela Lugosi gave them a bad rep. But bats are good pals. They're a natural, all-purpose insecticide, and incredibly efficient at their job. One of the little critters can eat 500 mosquitos in an hour, and thousands in a single night, and they'll help you clear the air around your home with no chemicals and no electric zappers.

Posted on October 10, 2012

Our report on last issue's Footprint Quiz tells you how well you're doing.

by Norberto Rodriquez dela Vega

The Ecological Footprint concept was developed at the University of BC by Dr. William Rees and Dr. Mathis Wackernagel in 1995. It is a representation of how much of the Earth's biologically productive land is required to produce the food we consume, the wood to build our houses, to give room for infrastructure (roads, services and installations), and to assimilate our wastes.

Posted on October 08, 2012

It makes sense to recycle milk containers like other bottles, cans, and juice boxes instead of paying to let them choke the landfills.

by Ann Johnston

Who ever would have expected such a ground swell! In three months, BC's Southern Gulf Islands Recycling Coalition had submitted 19,270 signatures on its "Include Milk" petition to Joyce Murray, Minister of Water, Land and Air Protection. In June, the Coalition from Mayne, Pender, Galiano, Saturna and Saltspring Islands had decided once again to attempt to get containers for milk, and milk substitutes like soya and rice drinks, included under the Beverage Container Deposit Refund Regulation.

Posted on October 08, 2012

BC's forest industry has been in steady decline for two decades, with the US/Canada Softwood Lumber "Disagreement" being the latest blow. The economies of many rural forest dependent communities were collapsing well before the expiration of the Softwood Lumber deal. Towns like Sayward, Tahsis, and Youbou, once thriving forest sector towns, may soon be little more than points on a map.

What's ironic is that these towns are located in the middle of productive forest farms and, worse, some had profitable sawmills shut down. In the last decade alone, more than 14 saw and pulp mills have been shut down, throwing thousands out of work and devastating BC's rural economy. While many corporations are down sizing milling infrastructure, raw log exports have increased. Ironically, BC's Annual Allowable Cut has, until the most recent imposition of US countervailing duties, remained relatively high.

There are many complex reasons for the decline of the forest industry in BC: Changing global markets, loss of high quality softwoods (Old Growth), and a noteworthy change in the corporate psyche to one of utter disregard for anything (or anybody) but maximizing profits.

At the heart of BC's difficulties is a government-sanctioned forest land tenure system. Nowhere in the developed world is so much of the forest land base controlled by so few. Furthermore, these forest lands are virtually all public. This concentrated corporate control of public land is without parallel anywhere. The American claim that our forest industry is not free market based is probably true. BC corporate tenure holders horde their timber quota, selling only uncommitted surpluses to small local mills.

Timber value can be difficult to determine because the vast majority of logs cut are used internally by corporations and seldom make it to the public auction block. Stumpage, paid to the government for cutting rights is often under valued. Some forestry officials claim the only way they are able to set stumpage rates is through the value of exported raw logs. In effect, we do not have free and open log markets in BC, which leaves the survival of local, untenured manufacturing facilities at the whim of the forestry giants.

The problem with BC forest economics may not be the result of free market conditions or capitalism, but the lack thereof. When we examine the successful forest economies of other countries, like Germany or Sweden, we see that control of the forest resource is highly decentralized and controlled by many small woodlots. In the European Union there are over 1 million licensed small woodlot operators who, independently or cooperatively, direct their timber to saw mills and other specialty manufactures at fair market values.

A major revitalization of our provincial forest economy could be accomplished by a simple stroke of a pen--reform forest land tenure. To a certain extent, the government has recognized the importance of small scale forestry by creating the BC Woodlot tenure. There are presently 800 family owned and operated woodlots throughout BC and they are, by all accounts, exemplary models of forest management.

These tenures, from 200-500 Hectares in size, are coveted by their owners and the pride of the BC Forest Service but represent only a tiny fraction of BC's managed forests. They are the antithesis of the Tree Farm Licence industrial model.

Woodlot owners nearly always live in the communities most affected by their operations and are accountable for their activities. They hire local loggers and contractors and logs are sold to local manufacturers at fair market value. According to the BC Woodlot Association, not only do woodlot owners employ locals, they hire 3 loggers per thousand cubic metres cut--this compared with the Tree Farm Licence Industrial model which provides only 2/3 of a job per thousand cubic metres cut. Woodlot operators also hire more outside help, like mechanics, foresters, and accountants, than do corporate Tree Farm Licence holders. How can this be? Simple economics. Big corporations put the value of a tree into expensive helicopters, office towers, high priced executives, and shareholders. The woodlot operator puts the tree's value into his home, his employees, his contractors, and his community.

And there are other significant attributes of woodlot tenure. They completely embrace free market principles by maximizing timber value. Woodlot style tenure offers the kind of transparency demanded by the US forest sector representatives in softwood lumber negotiations.

Furthermore, woodlot operators provide a steady supply of timber for the open market, a reliable wood supply which will, over time, encourage more value added industry to locate in smaller forest communities. This system is virtually identical to European economic forestry models in terms of employment rates in the woods, and in the mills.

"Magic bullets," easy solutions to regional economic or social problems, are rare but Ralph Keller, long time student of logging practices and forest policy insists there is an effective way to turn the BC forest economy around, for good: Reform the Land Tenure.

Finally, increasing the availability of free market wood will encourage entrepreneurs to maximize local and export market potential, and efficient utilization of wood. Along with all this comes greater community stability, greater employment levels, and increased tax revenues for provincial coffers.

Posted on September 26, 2012

by Lindsay Cole

The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) was held in Johannesburg, South Africa from August 26 to September 4, 2002. It marked the largest gathering of its kind in history, and was intended to develop a plan to implement the agreements made at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. Sixty-five thousand representatives from around the world--non-governmental organizations, business and industry, women, farmers, indigenous peoples, landless people, trade unionists, state governments (including over 100 heads of state), youth and children--were there. So was I.

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